Advanced Rules to Use Modal Verbs


You may have heard about different types of verbs in English Grammar. One of the most important aspects of English grammar is the use of modal verbs. Do you want to know about Modal verbs in detail? Continue reading this article.

1. Neha ________ play the piano when she was seven years old.

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Modal verbs are auxiliary verbs that express various degrees of ability, permission, obligation, and possibility.

In this blog post, we will discuss everything about modal verbs and how to use them correctly. These auxiliary verbs help convey a variety of meanings, such as ability, possibility, obligation, and more.

In this blog, we will explore the different uses of modal verbs, how to form them in sentences, and some common mistakes to avoid.

What are Modal Verbs?

Modal verbs are a specific type of auxiliary verbs including can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, and would. These verbs are used to express various meanings such as ability, permission, obligation, and possibility.

Modal Verbs
Can Could
May Might
Will Would
Shall Should
Need Must
Ought to Used to

Here are some examples:

Ability: I can swim.

Permission: May I go to the restroom?

Obligation: Students must finish their final project by June.

Possibility: It might rain later.

Modal verbs are a type of auxiliary verb that is used to express various meanings, including:

1) Ability and permission

2) Possibility and probability

3) Advice and obligation

4) Invitations and offers

These verbs are unique in that they must be followed by the base form of the main verb, without the use of “to” before the verb.

For example,

Roma can swim. (Correct)

Roma can to swim. (Incorrect)

Using Modal Verbs to Express Ability and Permission

Modal verbs can be used to indicate someone’s ability to do something or to grant permission for an action. For example:

1) She can speak five languages.

2) You may use my computer.

In these examples, “can” is used to show the subject’s ability to speak multiple languages, while “may” is used to give permission to use a computer.

Modal Verbs for Possibility and Probability

Modal verbs can also express the likelihood that something will happen or is true. For example:

1) It might rain later.

2) She could be at the library.

In these sentences, “might” and “could” are used to indicate that it is possible for the events to occur, but not certain.

Using Modal Verbs for Advice and Obligation

When providing advice or expressing a sense of obligation, modal verbs come in handy. For example:

1) You should exercise more.

2) We must complete the project by Friday.

Here, “should” is used to give advice about exercising, and “must” is used to indicate an obligation to finish a project.

Using Modal Verbs to Express Invitations and Offers

Modal verbs can also be used to extend invitations and make offers. For example:

1) Would Kundan like to start a conversation with us?

2) Can I help you with your bags?

In these examples, “would” and “can” are used to invite someone to dinner and offer assistance, respectively.

Forming Negative Modal Verbs

To create the negative form of a modal verb, simply add “not” after the modal verb. For example:

1) I cannot swim.

2) You must not enter the room.

In these sentences, “cannot” and “must not” express the inability to swim and the prohibition of entering a room, respectively.

2. You ________ try to study harder if you want to pass the exam.

3. ________ I borrow your pen for a moment, please?

4. He ________ come to the party tonight if he finishes his work.

5. You ________ take an umbrella with you. It’s raining outside.

6. ________ I help you with your luggage?

7. They ________ have arrived by now. Let’s call them.

8. I ________ speak three languages fluently.

9. ________ I have another slice of cake, please?

10. He ________ have left his keys at home. He can’t find them.

11. You ________ apologize for your behavior. It was rude.

12. ________ you please pass me the salt?

13. She ________ have attended the meeting, but she wasn’t feeling well.

14. You ________ take a break if youare feeling tired.

15. ________ I go to the bathroom, please?

16. They ________ have known about the changes in the schedule. It was announced last week.

17. I ________ finish this project by tomorrow if I work late tonight.

18. ________ I ask you a personal question?


Modal verbs are an essential part of the English language, helping to convey a range of meanings, from permission and ability to advice and obligation.

By understanding their various uses and how to form them correctly in sentences, you’ll be able to communicate more effectively and avoid common mistakes.

Keep practicing and experimenting with modal verbs in your writing and speech, and soon you’ll be a master of this!

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