Everything You Wanted to know About MODALS


What is the definition of a modal verb?

A modal verb is an auxiliary verb that helps to show suggestion, possibility, necessity, and permission more clearly in a sentence through specific words like can, will, must, etc.

The modals chapter is a part of Finite Verb to understand it clearly I have attached a table for your help which shows finite verbs and their different types together.

Finite Verb

Action Verbs

Helping Verbs

Transitive Verbs

Primary auxiliaries

Intransitive Verbs

Modal auxiliaries

Causative Verbs

Semi Modal auxiliaries

Here is a modal verbs list that displays all the modal auxiliary verbs that you are going to learn in this post today.

Modal Verbs List












Ought to

Used to

Learning a language with native expression is very necessary to subdue it and catch the native speakers correctly for better communication hence It is one of the most important topics of English Grammar lessons which is “Modals”. It is very easy to learn and has perceivable usage too. I have tried my best to give you lucid examples along with detailed information for each modal verb and multiple usages with the formation and additional rules together.


Usage: It is used to show power, ability, informal permission, and helplessness.

        ·       It is always used in the present tense.

        ·       Takes the V1 form (basic form) of the verb.

        ·       It is preferable to all the singular and plural subjects equally.

        ·       It takes ‘not’ with it when used in the negative expressions.

Cannot ✓ Can’t     Can not ( X )

        1.      He can lift 100 KG weight with his left hand easily. 

        2.      Romeo can score a rank in this exam off-hand (without preparation).

        3.      She cannot go outside at night, come what may.

        4.      You can go wherever you want, but return before it is 8 PM.

        5.      Neha can’t cook delicious food for anyone.

Ø   Can’t Help + V4 (V1 + Ing) used to show addiction or habit for something. It means it is
impossible to stay without this activity.

Note: This expression is always used in a negative and shows helplessness.

        ·       The children can’t help using mobile phones today.

        ·       We can’t help earning in this lavish period. 


Usage: it is used to describe future possible actions.

        ·       It is always used in the future tense.

        ·       Takes all the subjects.

        ·       In the negative expressions

either use ‘Will Not’ or ‘Won’t’ both are þ.

        ·       Used in the condition sentences.


        1.     He will complete this construction project by February 2022.

        2.     They will soon come to meet us at Christmas.

        3.     Sonu will not travel in general coach in his life ever.

        4.      If we are late, the teacher will not let us enter the class without punishment.

        5.     If you learn modals, it will let you use them easily.


Usage: It is used to give suggestions and keeps some effects of questionable conditions.

        ·        It is always used in the present tense.

        ·       Takes all the subjects

        ·       Always use V1 with it.


        1.     We should obey our elders under every condition.

        2.     Rakesh should remind me of his holidays to have an eye-to-eye with me.

        3.     People should plant more and more trees to reduce global warming and secure  the future.

        4.     If you have fever, you should consult with a doctor immediately.

        5.     Should you go to the market (if you go to the market), please bring me a box of chocolate for my best friend.


Usage: It has multiple usages to tell past habits, wish, choice, preference, past assumption, formal asking, and past Will.

        ·      It is used in the past & the present.

        ·      Takes all the subjects equally.


Past Habits (in the past tense)

1.    Everybody would go to the circus in our childhood with our parents and cousins.

2.    I would go for a morning walk regularly before corona pandemic.

     3.    The students would go to school forcefully till 2020.

For Choice

        1.    What would you like to have or drink?

        2.    How would you explain the new education policy to the students and their parents?

        3.    I would rather learn a useful skill than waste my time scrolling the reels.

Past of Will

This use shows the future possibility of a past action. Let’s learn with the help of the below examples.

        1.    My best friends promise me that he would be surprised to meet me on my birthday.

        2.    They all decided that they would meet after every 5 years in Iceland.


        1.    I would like to choose this dress for my marriage ceremony.

        2.    She would buy a red dress than a pink one.

Past Conditional Sentences

        1.    If he came, he would surely do the leftover tasks on the same day.

        2.    Were I born with supernatural powers, I would fly in the sky.

It is a bit challenging task to gather a lesson of multiple modal verbs at once if done, it becomes too long to be read or
understood easily thus for readers’ convenience it is divided into two parts. This is the first part where you have only four modal verbs Can, Will, Should, and Would rest all the model verbs will be in the second part will example and multiple usages.

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